Electronic voting (known as e-voting) is voting using electronic systems to aid counting and casting votes.
Electronic voting technology can have punched cards, optical scan voting systems and specialized voting kiosks (including self-contained direct-recording electronic voting systems, or DRE).
In general, are two main types of e-Voting.
1. By representatives of government physical supervised e-voting (electronic voting machines are located at polling stations)
2. remote e-Voting where voting is performed within the voter’s sole influence, and is not physically supervised by representatives of governmental authorities (e.g. voting from one’s personal computer, mobile phone, television via the internet (also called i-voting).
Internet voting systems have gained popularity and have been used for government elections and referendums in the United Kingdom, Estonia and Switzerland as well as municipal elections in Canada and party primary elections in the United States and France.
Estonia has also made attempts to popularize internet voting. In Estonia, each voter has a national ID card that they use to identify each citizen. The ID card is the security Estonia put in to ensure reliability in votes. Security officials said that they did not detect any unusual activity or tampering of the votes.
Electronic voting technology can speed the counting of ballots and can help provide improved accessibility for disabled voters. Blind voters can vote without help of other persons by using tactile cards and machines designed specifically for voters with disabilities can be used.